Knowledge Base

Title Authors Last Update Category
OPEN Alliance

The OPEN (One-Pair Ether-Net) Alliance is designed to encourage wide scale adoption of Ethernet-based, single pair unshielded networks as the standard in automotive applications. The jointly developed OPEN Alliance SIG (Special Interest Group) will address industry requirements for improving in-vehicle safety, comfort, and infotainment, while significantly reducing network complexity and cabling costs.

January 2, 2013 External Links
UNH-IOL, OPEN Alliance target 100 Mbps Ethernet for cars

The University of New Hampshire InterOperability Laboratory (UNH-IOL) in partnership with the OPEN Alliance Special Interest Group (SIG) on Monday unveiled the Automotive Ethernet Consortium.

This consortium is charged with testing and promoting BroadR-Reach, a 100 Mbps Ethernet connectivity specification for the automotive industry. UNH-IOL will be the first lab to conduct tests on the emerging standard.

January 2, 2013 External Links
A General-Purpose API for iWARP and InfiniBand Dr. Robert Russell

Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) allows data to be transferred over a network directly from the memory of one computer to the memory of another computer without CPU intervention. There are two major types of RDMA hardware on the market today: InfiniBand, and RDMA over IP, also known as iWARP. This hardware is supported by open software that was developed by the OpenFabrics Alliance (OFA) and that is known as
the OpenFabrics Enterprise Distribution (OFED) stack. This stack provides a common interface to both types of RDMA hardware, but does not itself provide a general-purpose API that would be convenient to most network programmers. Rather, it supplies the tools by which such APIs can be constructed.
The Extended Sockets API (ES-API) is a specification published by the Open Group that defines extensions to the traditional socket API which include two major new features necessary to exploit the advantages of RDMA hardware and the OFED stack: asynchronous I/O and memory registration.

The UNH-EXS interface is a multi-threaded implementation of the ES-API plus additional extensions, which enables programmers to utilize RDMA hardware via the OFED stack in a convenient, relatively familiar manner. The UNH-EXS interface is implemented entirely in user space on the Linux operating system. This provides easy porting, modification and adoption of UNH-EXS, since it requires no changes to existing Linux kernels. We present results on the performance of some benchmark applications using the UNH-EXS interface on both iWARP and InfiniBand hardware.

December 13, 2012 White Papers
10 Gigabit Ethernet Clause 50 Tutorial Andy Baldman

N/A

December 13, 2012 Tutorials
The Extended Sockets Interface for Accessing RDMA Hardware Dr. Robert Russell

The Extended Sockets API (ES-API) is a specification published by the OpenGroup that defines extensions to the
traditional socket API which include two major new features: asynchronous I/O, and memory registration. These
features enable programmers to take advantage of today's
multi-core processors and Remote Direct Memory Access
(RDMA) network hardware, such as iWARP and InfiniBand interfaces, in a convenient yet efficient manner.
This paper describes the UNH EXS interface, an implementation of the ES-API that provides additional API
facilities which enable a programmer to utilize RDMA network hardware while selectively choosing those features of
this interface that are most germane to the particular application. In addition, the UNH EXS interface is implemented
entirely in user space on the Linux operating system. This
provides easy porting, modification and adoption of UNH EXS, since it requires no changes to existing Linux kernels.
Preliminary results demonstrate that applications based on
EXS can achieve high bandwidth utilization and low CPU
overhead.

December 7, 2012 White Papers
Fairness in a data center Mikkel Hagen

Existing data centers utilize several networking technologies in order to handle the performance requirements of different workloads. Maintaining diverse networking technologies increases complexity and is not cost effective. This results in the current trend to converge all traffic into a single networking fabric. Ethernet is both cost-effective and ubiquitous, and as such it has been chosen as the technology of choice for the converged fabric. However, traditional Ethernet does not satisfy the needs of all traffic workloads, for the most part, due to its lossy nature and, therefore, has to be enhanced to allow for full convergence. The resulting technology, Data Center Bridging (DCB), is a new set of standards defined by the IEEE to make Ethernet lossless even in the presence of congestion. As with any new networking technology, it is critical to analyze how the different protocols within DCB interact with each other as well as how each protocol interacts with existing technologies in other layers of the protocol stack.

This dissertation presents two novel schemes that address critical issues in DCB networks: fairness with respect to packet lengths and fairness with respect to flow control and bandwidth utilization. The Deficit Round Robin with Adaptive Weight Control (DRR-AWC) algorithm actively monitors the incoming streams and adjusts the scheduling weights of the outbound port. The algorithm was implemented on a real DCB switch and shown to increase fairness for traffic consisting of mixed-length packets. Targeted Priority-based Flow Control (TPFC) provides a hop-by-hop flow control mechanism that restricts the flow of aggressor streams while allowing victim streams to continue unimpeded. Two variants of the targeting mechanism within TPFC are presented and their performance evaluated through simulation.

December 7, 2012 Theses
Space-Time Diagrams (PPT) Jeff Laird

used at UNH-IOL for training and discussion

December 6, 2012 White Papers
Advantages and Testing Considerations of a Converged DCB Network Presentation Peter J. Scruton

Peter participated in the 2012 Ethernet Technology Summit in San Jose, California as a panelist in one of the Sessions. The Session focus was on the Continuing Role of Ethernet in Storage.

December 4, 2012 External Links
Comparison of DCBX Versions Daniel Shea

A comparison of the baseline versus the IEEE standard versions of Data Center Bridging Capabilities Exchange.

September 11, 2012 Tutorials
Testing Home Routers for World IPv6 Launch Timothy Winters

The University of New Hampshire InterOperability Laboratory (UNH-IOL) hosted its fourth IPv6 Customer Edge (CE) Router Interoperability Test Event the week of April 16 - April 20, 2012 at its 32,000+ square-foot facility in Durham, New Hampshire. The test event brought together both users and suppliers of CE routers, also known as home router equipment. The purpose of the test event was to gain a perspective on the current status of IPv6 interoperability against the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Basic Requirements for IPv6 Customer Edge Routers and support the Internet Society (ISOC) World IPv6 Launch. The eight participating vendor companies tested a total of ten distinct home router implementations throughout the week using publicly routable IPv6 addresses. Participants included Broadcom, CHT-TL IPv6 Testing Lab, D-Link, NDM Systems, Motorola Mobility LLC, Netgear, Time Warner and ZyXEL.

Observations discussed in this paper include:
* DHCP Solicits Frequency
* Renumbering
* No Default Route
* Forwarding before Address Acquisition
* DHCPv6 IA_PD & IA_NA Interactions

August 31, 2012 White Papers